Getting to know the stairways and safety tips
The stairway connects the corridor between each floor in the house. Because of the connection that is used to walk up and down, besides the beautiful design the safety is important to consider.
Many of you may not know that our country has a law on the stairs.
The law on stairs for houses is defined in the Ministerial Regulation No. 55 (BE 2543), Article 23, which stipulates stairs for residential buildings as follows.
"Stairs of residential buildings, if any there must be at least one ladder with a net width of not less than 80 centimeters. One span is not more than 3 meters. The riser is set no higher than 20 cm. The thread when the broken part of the staircase is overlapped and the width is not less than 22 centimeters.
Stairs that are higher than 3 meters must have a staircase every 3 meters or less. And the stairway must have a width and length not less than the width of the stairs. The distance from the stairs or the stairway to the lowest part of the building that is above must not be less than 1.90 meters “
See that the various stages as required by law Are intended for residents to use the stairs to walk up and down safely which can be expanded as follows
Moreover, there are other components that will help increase the safety of the stairs
1. Handrail: It is important for the stairs . The handrail should have a shape and size that is easy to handle, based on strong structure and in the height that is convenient to catch while up and down. A staircase with a single handrail and has a non-continuous handlebar, would make walking up and down difficult. Especially those who are elderly or disabled.
2. Nosing: Is the part that extends from the tip of the thread which usually protrudes about 1 inch. Which will help increase the foot space and is generally covered with a non-slip or grooving material that will prevent accident and helps users to notice each step more easily
4. Riser: usually those who walk up and down the stairs always step up or down equally in every step. Therefore, having a set of risers at the same height is very important in safety. The unequal set may be caused by problems with construction craftsmen or customization augmented by those without knowledge.
5. Thread: like the riser, the thread should have the same width. In response to the walking behavior of stairs users.
6. Sufficient lighting: the stairs can be placed in various positions of the house, according to the layout and design guidelines. But must consider the lighting used to facilitate walking up and down the stairs. Which can be both light from the lamp or natural light received from glass windows that are usually located near the stairs. A staircase with solid walls covering both sides may require risers that is transparent, which means it has only threads. To receive light from nearby areas Which depend on the design guidelines
All these issues, both as required by law or not. They are a checklist for homeowners to consider for safety. As for any homeowner who is designing a new house or buy a new home from various developers, may not have to worry much because the house designed by the architect will have a safe staircase design and already according to the law.